[10] Caribbean caciques who did not initially oppose the Spanish were co-opted into being intermediaries between the Spanish and their communities, but their cooperation was transitional and most revolted, resulting in their deaths in battle or by execution. His importance in the tribe was determined by the size of his tribe rather than his skills in warfare since the Taínos were mostly a peaceable culture. [25][26] Some scholars make a distinction between caudillos (political strongmen) and their rule, caudillismo, and caciques and caciquismo. "Tributes to Bad Conscience: Charity, Restitution, and Inheritance in Cacique and Encomendero Testaments of Sixteenth-Century Charcas" in. This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 04:48. Many even owned Black slaves. See More. Cuevillas, "A Case for Caudillaje and Juan Perón" in Hugh M. Hamill, ed. [5] In 1555 the word entered the English language as "prince". [32] It has been used to describe the political system where in many parts of the country local leaders remain very strong, with almost warlord-type powers. Ethnohistory (1992): 285–315. Murdo J. MacLeod suggests that the terms cacique and caudillo "either require further scrutiny or, perhaps, they have become so stretched by the diversity of explanations and processes packed into them that they have become somewhat empty generalizations". Hatuey was a historical character in the 2010 film Even the Rain. Menengus Borneman, Margarita and Rodolfo Aguierre Salvador eds. In the Andean region the local term kuraka was used as an alternative to cacique, in contrast to the rest of the Spanish Colonial Americas. Gibson, "The Aztecs Under Spanish Rule," pp. Writer Ramón Akal González views Galicia in northwest of Spain, as having remained in a continual state of strangulated growth over centuries as a result of caciquismo and nepotism. At independence in 1825, Simón Bolívar abolished noble titles, but the power and prestige of the kurakas was already in decline following the Great Rebellion. "Cacique Democracy in the Philippines: Origins and Dreams", Chance, John K. (1996) "The Caciques of Tecali: Class and Ethnic Identity in Late Colonial Mexico. The hierarchy and nomenclature of indigenous leadership there might survive internally within communities, but the Spaniards' designation of caciques did not necessarily correspond to the hereditary indigenous system of leadership. ", Joseph, Gilbert M. "Caciquismo and the Revolution: Carrillo Puerto in Yucatán" in. (FRI, MARCH 27TH) Llega El Cacique de la Bachata RAULIN RODRIGUEZ @ *JOES LIVE* (Rosemont) On Sale @ https://bit.ly/39VmmvW Spanish manipulation of cabildo elections. In Hispanic and Lusophone countries, the term … [11] Two famous early colonial-era caciques are Hatuey (Cuba) and Enriquillo (Hispaniola)[12] who are now national heroes in Cuba and the Dominican Republic. [30] [28] Argentine writer Fernando N.A. ", Chance, John K.(1998) "La hacienda de los Santiago en Tecali, Puebla: Un cacicazgo naua colonial, 1520-1750. A cacique (Iberian Spanish: [kaˈθike]; Latin American Spanish: [kaˈsike]; Portuguese: [kɐˈsikɨ, kaˈsiki]; feminine form: cacica) translates to "king"[1] or "prince"[2][3] of an indigenous group, derived from the Taíno word kasike for the pre-Columbian tribal chiefs in the Bahamas, the Greater Antilles, and the northern Lesser Antilles. [6] In Taíno culture, the cacique rank was hereditary[7] and sometimes established through democratic means. [15][16][17] The establishment of Spanish-style town government [cabildos] was used as a mechanism to replace traditional rule. [14] Some caciques had entailed estates called cacicazgos. Watch Queue Queue "Galicia still suffers from this anachronistic caste of caciques. In the colonial era, Spaniards extended the word as a title for the leaders of practically all indigenous groups that they encountered in the Western Hemisphere. "[31] Spanish strongman El Caudillo Francisco Franco (1892-1975) was born in Ferrol in Galicia. In Hispanic and Lusophone countries, the term also has come to mean a political boss or leader who exercises significant power in the political system known as caciquismo. This video is unavailable. They were sometimes quite progressive and directed towards the modernization of government and commerce in the Philippines. The records of many of these Mexican estates are held in the Mexican national archives in a section Vínculos ("entails"). “A Cacicazgo in the Seventeenth Century: The Case of Xochimilco” In, de la Peña, Guillermo. "“Pure and Noble Indians, Untainted by Inferior Idolatrous Races”: Native Elites and the Discourse of Blood Purity in Late Colonial Mexico.