[49] Ali received a replacement medal at a basketball intermission during the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, where he lit the torch to start the games. In 2000, Ali worked with the Michael J. [166][167][168][169] According to Ali's daughter, Hana Yasmeen Ali, who co-authored The Soul of a Butterfly with him, Ali was attracted to Sufism after reading the books of Inayat Khan, which contain Sufi teachings. In truth, Cassius Clay's attachment to slavery went farther than Ali knew. Afterwards, he announced he was retiring from boxing to practice his faith, having converted to Sunni Islam after falling out with the Nation of Islam the previous year. "[72] The fight was close until the seventh round, when Ali bloodied Terrell and almost knocked him out. However, Frazier came on in the middle rounds, snapping Ali's head in round seven and driving him to the ropes at the end of round eight. "[93][94] After the fight, Ali and Inoki became friends. In the final round, Frazier knocked Ali down with a vicious left hook, which referee Arthur Mercante said was as hard as a man can be hit. Edited versions of the bout were shown in movie theaters in 1970. According to Ali biographer Thomas Hauser, "at best, it was ill-conceived; at worst, a diplomatic disaster." "[114] He had another daughter, Miya (born 1972), from an extramarital relationship with Patricia Harvell. When asked to elaborate on his endorsement of Reagan, Ali told reporters, "He's keeping God in schools and that's enough. "[192], Ali was honored with the annual Martin Luther King Award in 1970 by civil rights leader Ralph Abernathy, who called him "a living example of soul power, the March on Washington in two fists." 1920–1936: 160–175 lb (72.6–79.4 kg), 1948: 73–80 kg 1952–2012: 75–81 kg, Fights against Quarry, Patterson, Foster and Norton, World heavyweight champion (second reign), NSA and FBI monitoring of Ali's communications, Philanthropy, humanitarianism and politics. Ali stated that his earlier name was a "slave name," and a "white man's name" and added that "I didn’t choose it and I don’t want it". Born into a Chicago family that had converted to the Nation Of Islam, she later changed her name to Khalilah Ali, though she was still called Belinda by old friends and family. [39] Cassius Jr. attended Central High School in Louisville. His daughter Hana later wrote that Ali once told her, "Nothing would ever shake me up (more) than the story of Emmett Till. [289], In 2015, Sports Illustrated renamed its Sportsman Legacy Award to the Sports Illustrated's Muhammad Ali Legacy Award. In his early bouts as a professional, Clay was more highly regarded for his charm and personality than for his ring skills. "[49], In February 1978, Ali faced Leon Spinks at the Hilton Hotel in Las Vegas. ", After the third fight with Frazier, Ali considered retirement. [208] Other rappers narrated the documentary as well, including Doug E Fresh, Ludacris and Rakim who all spoke on Ali's behalf in the film. He told interviewer David Frost, "If you think the world was surprised when Nixon resigned, wait till I whup Foreman's behind! Muhammad Ali was often dubbed the world's "most famous" person in the media. However initially when he refused induction, he became arguably the most hated man in the country and was despised by a lot of people, mainly white,[citation needed] and received many death threats and people who supported Ali during this time were also threatened, sports journalist Jerry Izenberg who wrote columns defending Ali's right not to serve said "Bomb threats emptied our office, making the staff stand out in the snow. [32][33] Ali's maternal great-grandfather, Abe Grady, emigrated from Ennis, Co. Clare, Ireland. A man driven by his ambition to be the best. He became a Muslim after 1961. [286][287], The Muhammad Ali Boxing Reform Act was introduced in 1999 and passed in 2000, to protect the rights and welfare of boxers in the United States. Midway through the first round, Liston was knocked down by a difficult-to-see blow the press dubbed a "phantom punch". Dave Wolf, who worked in Frazier's camp, recalled that, "Ali was saying 'the only people rooting for Joe Frazier are white people in suits, Alabama sheriffs, and members of the Ku Klux Klan. Please provide a valid price range $-$ Buying Format. For the last four years of Clay's amateur career he was trained by boxing cutman Chuck Bodak.[46]. [296] He also appeared on the cover of Time Magazine 5 times,[297] the most of any athlete. [241][242][243] Ali published an oral history, Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times by Thomas Hauser, in 1991. [97] Ali won a unanimous decision in an uninspiring fight, with referee Lucien Joubert scoring rounds 10-4, judge Ernie Cojoe 10-4, and judge Herman Preis 11-4. [91] Ali was only able to land two jabs while Inoki's kicks caused two blood clots and an infection that almost resulted in Ali's leg being amputated, as a result of Ali's team insisting on rules restricting Inoki's ability to wrestle. In the sixth, Clay dominated, hitting Liston repeatedly. "[58] Clay turned the pre-fight weigh-in into a circus, shouting at Liston that "someone is going to die at ringside tonight." Watching on closed-circuit TV, heavyweight champ Sonny Liston quipped that if he fought Clay he might get locked up for murder. Possessing a killer jump shot or the ability to stop on a dime was no longer enough. [306] Prior to making the film, Smith rejected the role until Ali requested that he accept it. [136], In an interview in 1974 Ali said, "If they say stand and salute the flag I do that out of respect, because I'm in the country". He said a reunion of the Beatles "would make a lot of people happy. [59] Though unconfirmed, boxing historian Bert Sugar said that two of Liston's opponents also complained about their eyes "burning". After his death she again made passionate appeals to be allowed to mourn at his funeral. The company mainly handled Ali's boxing promotions and pay-per-view closed-circuit television broadcasts. Premium Membership is now 50% off! [100] The Nevada Athletic Commission (NAC) ordered that he undergo a complete physical in Las Vegas before being allowed to fight again. Moore called the maneuver “the turtle” but Ali called it “rope-a-dope.” The strategy was that, instead of moving around the ring, Ali chose to fight for extended periods of time leaning back into the ropes in order to avoid many of Foreman’s heaviest blows. [115] In 2001 Khaliah was quoted as saying she believed her father viewed her as "a mistake. He was convicted of draft evasion on June 20 and sentenced to five years in prison and a $10,000 fine.