The 8-shaped mounds are unique to Guayabo and show a culture that is highly refined and experimental in its city building. When you travel to Costa Rica’s Central Valley, you can be part of an ancient mystery. There are a handful of theories including the plague or even volcanic activity. Guayabo has an area of 8.99 km² and an elevation of 996 metres. The name Guayabo is believed to be derived from the dialect of a Costa Rica indigenous tribe. If you are staying in San Jose, the archaeological treasure is about 65 kilometers away. The only remains of this once great city are circular mounds, cobblestoned pavements and evidence of highly refined aqueducts. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. Most historians believe the town was first settled by Christian Medina in the 19th century. To its front runs a paved road which connected the surrounding settlements, with it as far as 9km. When you arrive at the ranger station, you will be met by the park ranger who takes great pride out of protecting this historical site. The people of Guayabo were known to be well aware of good engineering, which can be assumed by their use of aqueducts. [3] After ascending the stairs next to the center mound, visitors would have been greeted by a matching pair of structures, rectangular in shape. You will soon notice that the Monumento Nacional Guayabo is a lot more than just archaeological hints of a once great civilization. There are measures being taken to make sure it stays the condition it is in today stays the same for the future. It is almost directly in the center of the country on the Southern slope of the Turrialba Volcano. One mound in particular, Mound 1, stands out as it is the largest one of this culture and it is located in the center of the village. Guayabo National Monument is a great day trip and when you are staying in San Jose or Cartago, you should definitely hit the road and go there. You will take a hike along the rocks engraved with animals and grave sites, and head up to the mirador where you can get a good view of the whole archeaelogical site. What has been found and what the site consists of is the city's infrastructure, petroglyphs, tombs, and artifacts that were left behind and found by archaeologists in the 1960s during further excavations. The road leading there is often filled with queuing cars so if you can go by bus, consider doing so because then you can just walk to the entrance. Everything has been preserved well and kept as authentic as possible. Guayabo National Monument (Spanish: Monumento Nacional Guayabo), is located near the city of Turrialba, within the Central Conservation Area in the Cartago Province, Costa Rica. It is believed that the first settlers came to these parts around 1000 BC and had created a bustling city by 800 AD. This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 23:32. There were tools that were found that suggested that Guayabo had people dedicated to growing agriculture which mainly consisted of roots such as yucca. Unlike sone other sites in Costa Rica, here the tourists only pay 5 USD for the entrance ticket. Although, there is speculation that it might have had to do with something like disease or rival civilizations. For the genus of plants, see, "Raiders of the lost tribe: The ruins of Guayabo", "Interregional 'Landscapes of Movement' and the La Unión Archaeological District of Northeastern Costa Rica", "Guayabo National Monument: An Ancient Pre-Columbian City",, Buildings and structures in Cartago Province, Articles to be expanded from November 2013, Articles needing translation from Spanish Wikipedia, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Architecturally, back in the day, the main building probably served as both a symbol as well as a place to conduct public business. [7], "Guayabo" redirects here. When you travel to Costa Rica’s Central Valley, you can be part of an ancient mystery. They come here to buy fruits and vegetables as well as locally crafted produce like cheeses, but they also drop by for a visit and to catch up on what’s new in the area. Guayabo National Monument is an archeological marvel that was discovered when the area was being cleared for coffee plantations in the late 1800’s. There is an abundance of fauna and flora and if you are lucky, you might be able to spot some wildlife like coatis, toucans and armadillos amongst the dense foliage. Encuentros arqueológicos de la Urbanización que vivió hace 3000 años bajo las Faldas del Volcán Turrialba - Monumento Nacional Guayabo - Costa Rica. Are you interested in learning more about Costa Rica’s colorful past? Monument Nacional Guayabo; Tipus: Protected area of Costa Rica (en) i jaciment arqueològic: Ubicació; Entitat territorial administrativa: Turrialba Canton (Costa Rica) (en) i Província de Cartago (Costa Rica) There have been plenty of studies done on Guayabo that even use today's technologies, such as a study done a couple years ago that executed some remote sensing techniques to detect and map the roads in the region. This is a popular destination to visit because although Guayabo is similar to other excavated sites such as Machu Picchu, Chichen Itza, and other South American and Central American ruins in the sense that the artifacts and structures that can be found look similar, but it draws the public in due to the mystery of why it was abandoned and the fact that there is still a big portion of it that has not yet been excavated.